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In the ancient historical age there was a kingdom named Vaishali, presently which is known as Bihar, India, Lord Mahavir was born on the thirteenth day under the rising moon of Chaitra, April. Commemorating his birthday on this day, it is celebrated as the important Jain festival "Mahavir Jayanti".

He was known as “Vardhaman” (increasing) because his family’s wealth and the kingdom’s welfare grew after his conception. An increase of all that was good, like the abundant bloom of beautiful flowers, was noticed in the kingdom. It is believed that after his birth, loard Indra bathed him in celestial milk with rituals befitting a future ‘Tirthankar’ and he was returned to his mother,Queen Trisala. She had dreamt of 14 auspicious symbols before giving birth, signs foretelling the advent of a great soul.

As King Siddartha’s son, he lived as a prince, married Princess Yashodhara and had a daughter. At thirty, he left his family, gave up his worldly possessions (over the course of a year), and spent twelve years as an ascetic.

At one point, Mahavir had over 400,000 followers. At 72, he left his body [Moksh] in 527 BC, Pawapuri on Dipavali, the last day of the Hindu and Jain calendars. Jains celebrate this as the day he attained liberation and enlightenment, Moksh.
Mahavir was the most revered religious leader in this century and was perceived as a reformer who vehemently opposed the ritualism and false beliefs. The twenty-fourth and last Jain Tirthankara.

Prince Vardhamana became extremely penitent and resolved to give up everything worldly. He gave up attachment to his parents, friends and relatives. He Distributed all his wealth among the poor and went to the forest and became a monk. Mahavir practised rigorous austerities, including fasts that lasted many days. He meditated on the pure nature of the Soul. Mahavir lived a life of absolute truthfulness, a life of perfect honesty and a life of absolute chastity.

Mahavira taught that people can save their souls from the contamination of matter by living a life of extreme asceticism and by practising non-violence towards all living creatures.

As he continuously struggled for sprade of the non-violence encouraged his followers - monastic to become strong advocates of vegetarianism. Mahavira’s followers were aided in their quest for salvation by the five mahavrats. Attributed to Mahavira, these great vows were of not speaking untruths, of no greed, of no sexual pleasure (means to maintain celibacy : Brahma-charya), and of all attachments to living beings and non-living things.

 
 
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